If you are looking for DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 14 Question Answer The Nationalist Movement of we and our world social science book, then you are at right place. Here at SOLUTIONGYAN.Com, Class 8 SST of chapter 14 exercises provided at the end of the chapter will be a useful resource for DAV Class 8 students.
Here, we provide complete solutions of DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 14 The Nationalist Movement of We and Our World Social Science Textbook.
These exercise of sst chapter 14 contains 5 questions (i.e. Fill in the blanks, Tick the correct option, Answers the following questions, Match the following etc.) and the answers to them are provided in the DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 14 Question Answer The Nationalist Movement (1870 to 1947).
Solutions of DAV Class 8 SST chapter 14 The Nationalist Movement of history is help to boost the writing skills of the students, along with their logical reasoning. Students of class 8 can go through Social Science chapter 14 solution to learn an effective way of expressing their answer in the dav school exam.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 14 The Nationalist Movement Solutions
DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 14 The Nationalist Movement (1870 to 1947) Solutions is given below. Here DAV Class 8 SST chapter 14 question answer is provided with great explanation.
- Tick the correct option
- Fill in the blanks
- Match the following
- Answer the following questions in brief
- Answers the following questions
DAV question answer of Class 8 history of We and Our World Social Science Textbook is the best source for the students to self-analyse their performance. DAV Class 8 students are more likely to score good marks in Social Science exam if they practise DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 14 Question Answer The Nationalist Movement regularly.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 14 Question Answer
1. Montague Chemsford reforms introduced-
Answer: the system of Dual government.
2. Gandhiji started the historic Dandi March from Sabarmati Asharam to Dandi on-
Answer: March 12, 1930
3. What was the British motive behind the partition of Bengal in July, 1905?
Answer: The Britishers wanted to weaken the Hindu-Muslim unity.
4. Who amongst the following was not a moderate?
Answer: Lala Lajpat Rai
5. The slogan “Do or Die” was given during the-
Answer: Quit India Movement
1. The rule of East India Company ended on ___________.
2. ___________ was organised by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
3. Early phase of Congress was under ___________ leaders.
4. Home Rule League was started by ___________ in Madras.
5. Rowlatt Act empowered the British to put people in jail without ___________.
Answer: (1) November 1, 1858 (2) INA (3) moderate (4) Annie Besant (5) trial.
Answer: (1) d, (2) e, (3) a, (4) b, (5) c.
1. Mention the main demands of the radical group of the Congress.
Answer: the main demands of the radical group of the Congress were:
- love for swadeshi goods.
- participation in mass rallies to boycott foreign goods.
- boycott of government services, schools and colleges.
2. State the major achievements of Lucknow Pact of 1916.
Answer: In 1916, the Moderates and Radicals reunited to strengthen the National Movement after nine years and signed a joint pact at Lucknow with the Muslim League.
3. Describe the contribution of Subash Chandra Bose in the freedom struggle of India.
Answer: Subhash Chandra Bose was well-known figure during the freedom struggle. He was ready to join hands with enemies of the British to get the British out of India. His popular slogan, ‘You give me blood and I will give you freedom’ enthuse people with immense courage and hope. He disappeared from the British detention and went abroad to seek help for the cause of India independence. Later on, he organised Indian National Army (INA) to overthrow the British from India.
4. List the main features of the Lahore session of Congress in 1929.
Answer: The main features of the Lahore session of Congress in 1929 were:
- The Congress session was held on the bank of River Ravi in Lahore.
- It was presided by Jawahar Lal Nehru.
- The historic resolution of Purna Swaraj or Complete Independence was passed.
- At this session, it was decided to celebrate January 26, 1930 as the First Independence Day of India.
5. Explain any three main provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935.
Answer: Three main provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935 are:
- The Head of the Central Administration was the Governor-General. He continued to have the supreme power.
- The Centre continued to control defence, external affairs and railways.
- A Federal Court was established for provinces and Princely States.
1. Who were the moderates? What were their main demands?
Answer: Moderates were the leaders of the earlier phase of congress (the first 20 years). The important leaders were Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Dadabhai Naoroji, Surendra Nath Banerjee and others.
Their main demands were:
- create Provincial Legislative Councils in all provinces.
- recruit Indians for higher positions in the administration.
- hold Civil Services Examination in India.
- ensure the growth of Indian industries and handicrafts.
- stop the drain of wealth to Britain.
- end the exploitation of Indian resources and people.
- have representative institutions in the whole country for the welfare of the people.
2. Describe the role played by any two mass movements towards intensifying the struggle for freedom.
Answer: The role played by two mass movements towards intensifying the struggle for freedom are:
Civil Disobedience Movement: On March 12, 1930, Gandhiji began his epic Dandi march from Sabarmati to Dandi. He was accompanied by 78 workers; they made salt from the sea and broke the British law of manufacture of salt in India. During this, schools were boycotted, foreign goods were burnt etc.
Swadeshi Movement: This movement started in 1905 when Bengal was partitioned. Indians boycotted foreign goods and used only Indian goods. Students played an important role in this movement by boycotting classes and picketing shops selling foreign goods. Many women also joined processions and picketing. The movement soon spread from Bengal to Maharashtra and Punjab.
3. Why did Gandhiji give a call to start Non-Cooperation Movement? Which activities gave momentum to this Movement?
Answer: Gandhiji believed that the British rule was established and survived in India with the corporation of Indians. If Indians refused to cooperate, British rule would collapse and Swaraj would come. So, in 1920 Gandhiji called for a Non-Cooperation Movement.
The following activities gave momentum to this movement:
- renouncing of titles and honour given by the British.
- boycott of legislatures.
- boycott of schools and colleges by students and teachers.
- opening of Jamia Milia at Aligarh and Kashi Vidya Peeth at Benaras.
- boycott of government offices and courts.
- hartals and strikes all over the country.
4. Describe two main features of each of Morley Minto Reforms of 1909 and Government of India Act of 1919 as well as 1935.
Answer: Morley Minto Reforms (1909):
- It introduced changes in the size and functions of the councils at the Central as well as Provincial levels.
- Separate electorate were granted to the Muslims.
Government of India Act (1919):
- This Act made the Central Legislature bicameral.
- This Act provided for the establishment of a Public Service Commission in India for the first time.
Government of India Act (1935):
- The introduction of direct elections.
- The establishment of a Federal Court.
5. “Quit India Movement was the last blow to the British rule in India.” Give arguments in support this statement.
Answer: Quit India Movement was the last blow to the British rule in India as the Britishers were terrified by this movement. Many people participated in this movement being inspired by Gandhiji mantra ‘Do or Die’ and shock the foundation of the Government. The Britishers were infuriated. Also, Gandhiji feared that Japan may attack them. Hence, he wanted the British to leave India.