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Here, we provide complete solutions of DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 19 The Union Government The Executive of We and Our World Social Science book. These exercise of sst chapter 19 contains 5 questions and the answers to them are provided in the DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 19 Question Answer The Union Government The Executive.
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DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 19 The Union Government The Executive Solutions
DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 19 The Union Government The Executive Solutions is given below. Here DAV Class 8 SST civics chapter 19 question answer is provided with great explanation.
- Tick the correct option
- Fill in the blanks
- Write True or False
- Answer the following questions in brief
- Answers the following questions
DAV question answer of Class 8 civics of We and Our World Social Science Textbook is the best source for the students to self-analyse their performance. DAV Class 8 students are more likely to score good marks in Social Science exam if they practise DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 19 Question Answer The Union Government The Executive regularly.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 19 Question Answer
1. Who among the following is the Head of the Union Government?
Answer: The Prime Minister
2. The Supreme Commander of India’s defence forces is-
Answer: The President of India
3. Which one of the following statements is true?
Answer: The President of India is an integral part of Indian Parliament.
4. The President can dissolve the Lok Sabha on the advice of-
Answer: The Prime Minister of India
5. In case of certain extraordinary situations, the President can sanction money to the government out of-
Answer: Contingency fund
1. In Parliamentary form of government, the two types of executives are ___________ and ___________.
2. The process to remove the President of India is called ___________.
3. The Union Council of Ministers is there to ___________ and ___________ the President of India.
4. Responsibility of all the ministers to defend their acts and decisions is called ___________ ___________.
5. The President of India is elected by a ___________ ___________ vote system.
Answer: (1) nominal, real (2) impeachment (3) aid, advice (4) collective responsibility (5) Single Transferable.
1. The Union Executive comprises of the Prime Minster and the Council of Ministers.
2. The President of India cannot be re-elected for a second term.
3. All the elected members of Parliament and the State Legislative Assemblies elect the President of India.
4. The imposition of emergency in a State is called President’s rule.
5. The Chairman of Rajya Sabha must be a member of Rajya Sabha.
Answer: (1) False (2) False (3) True (4) True (5) False.
1. Explain the judicial powers of the President of India.
Answer: All the judges of the Supreme Court and the High Courts, including their Chief Justices are appointed by the President. On appeal for mercy, the President has the power to reduce the sentence or grant pardon or amnesty. She/He can change the death sentence or can postpone it also.
2. Explain the process of electing the President of India.
Answer: The President of India is elected indirectly by an Electoral College consisting of only the elected members of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Legislative Assemblies of the States. The election is held in accordance with the Single Transferable Vote System of Proportional Representation. Under this system, it is essential to secure the fixed quota of votes to get elected.
3. Differentiate between the real and the nominal executive of India.
Answer: The real executive is the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers, whereas the President is the nominal executive because she/he is bound to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers.
4. How can the President of India be removed and on what grounds? Explain.
Answer: If a President violates the Constitution, she/he can be removed from office by a resolution of impeachment, which is passed by both the Houses of Parliament by not less than two-third majority of the total membership.
5. Describe the powers and functions of the Vice President of India.
Answer: The powers and functions of the Vice President of India are:
He/She is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. He presides over the meetings of the Rajya Sabha, conducts its proceedings and maintains the discipline and decorum of the House.
Since the Vice President is not a member of the Rajya Sabha, he/she does not participate in voting in the House. But in case of a tie, he/she can exercise his casting vote.
When the office of the President falls vacant due to death, resignation or impeachment, he/she takes over as the officiating President till a fresh election is held. As officiating President, he/she exercises all the powers privileges, etc. of the President of India.
1. How is the Union Council of Ministers appointed? Explain its main functions.
Answer: The Union Council of Ministers comprises of the Prime Minister, the Cabinet Ministers and the Ministers of State. The composition of the Council of Ministers starts with the appointment of the Prime Minister by the President of India. Other ministers are appointed afterwards by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
The main functions of the Council of ministers:
- It frames internal and external policy of the country.
- It takes decisions at the national and international levels.
- The Council of Ministers also performs certain legislative function.
- It runs administration through various ministries like Defence, Finance, Agriculture, Foreign Affairs, Health, etc.
2. List any five powers and functions of the Prime Minister of India.
Answer: The Prime Minister of India is the pivot and the entire administration revolves around him/her. He/she is the head of government and performs the following functions:
- He forms Council of Ministers.
- He coordinates the working of various departments.
- He acts as link between the President and the Cabinet.
- He presides over the meetings of the Cabinet as well as Council of Ministers.
- He advises the President to summon or prorogue the session or to dissolve the Lok Sabha before its term expires.
3. Describe the legislative and financial powers of the President of India.
Answer: The legislative powers of the President of India are:
The President can summon, prorogue and address the two Houses of the Parliament. The President can dissolve the Lok Sabha before the expiry of its normal term if he is advised to do so by the Prime Minister. He nominates members to the Houses.
The financial powers of the President of India are:
The annual budget of the country is presented in the Parliament in the name of the President. Similarly, all Money Bills also require her/his approval before they are introduced in Lok Sabha. She/He has the power to appoint members of the Finance Commission. In case certain extraordinary situations arise, the President can sanction money to the government out of Contingency Fund to meet the situation.
4. Explain the three situations under which the President of India can proclaim emergency.
Answer: The President of India declares Emergency in the following situations:
- If the security of the country is threatened by war or external aggression or internal armed rebellion, the President can declare a state of emergency for the whole country.
- If the government of a state is not being run in accordance with the Constitution, the President can declare emergency in that state. It is also called Imposition of President’s Rule in a state.
- When the financial stability of the country is threatened, the President can declare a state of financial emergency.
5. Explain the following terms.
(a) Coalition Government
Answer: If no single party gets a clear majority, the leader of two or more parties combined together or an alliance is called upon to become the Prime Minister and form the government. The government headed by such a Prime Minister is called the Coalition Government.
Answer: The process to remove the President is called impeachment. If a President violates the Constitution, she/he can be removed from office by a resolution of impeachment, which is passed by both the Houses of Parliament by not less than two-third majority of the total membership.
(c) Collective Responsibility
Answer: This means that all the Ministers together are answerable to the Parliament for any decision taken by the Cabinet, All of them swim or sink together.
(d) Parliamentary Form of Government
Answer: The form of government which is answerable to the Parliament or the Union legislature.
(e) Electoral College
Answer: It consists of the elected members of the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and the Legislative Assemblies of the state.