If you are looking for DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 20 Question Answer The Union Government The Judiciary of we and our world book, then you are at right place. Here at SOLUTIONGYAN.Com, DAV Class 8 Social Science of chapter 20 exercises provided at the end of the chapter will be a useful resource for DAV Class 8 Social Science (sst) exams.
Here, we provide complete solutions of DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 20 The Union Government: The Judiciary of We and Our World sst book. These exercise of Social Science chapter 20 contains 5 questions and the answers to them are provided in the DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 20 Question Answer The Union Government The Judiciary.
Solutions of DAV Class 8 SST chapter 20 The Union Government: The Judiciary of civics is help to boost the writing skills of the students, along with their logical reasoning. Students of class 8 can go through Social Science chapter 20 question answers to learn an effective way of expressing their answer in the school exam.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 20 The Union Government The Judiciary Solutions
DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 20 The Union Government The Judiciary Solutions is given below. Here DAV Class 8 SST civics chapter 20 question answer is provided with great explanation.
- Tick the correct option
- Fill in the blanks
- Write True or False
- Answer the following questions in brief
- Answers the following questions
DAV question answer of Class 8 civics of We and Our World Social Science Textbook is the best source for the students to self-analyse their performance. DAV Class 8 students are more likely to score good marks in Social Science exam if they practise DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 20 Question Answer The Union Government The Judiciary regularly.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 20 Question Answer
A. Tick the correct option.
1. The Lok Adalat is generally presided over by-
Answer: retired judge
2. Who among the following does not work under the Board of Revenue?
Answer: Metropolitan Magistrate
3. A judge of the Supreme Court may continue to remain in office till the attainment of-
Answer: 65 years
4. Which one of the following statements about Public Interest Litigation is false?
Answer: It has proved to be a boon for the upper middle-class people of India.
5. Which case related to the following subjects is a civil case?
B. Fill in the blanks.
1. The highest Revenue Court in the district is the ___________ which deals with the cases of land revenue.
2. Any law declared ___________, immediately ceases to remain in force.
3. The criminal cases begin with the lodging of a ___________ ___________ ___________.
4. Legal cases can be either ___________ or criminal in nature.
5. The ___________ Court is the guardian of the Indian Constitution.
Answer: (1) Board of Revenue (2) unconstitutional (3) First Information Report (4) civil (5) Supreme.
C. Write True or False for the following statements.
1. Tax evasion is a crime.
2. The judges of the High Court are appointed by the Chief Justice of India.
3. The Court of the Sessions Judge is the highest Civil Court in a district.
4. The High Court has the power of Judicial Review.
5. Subordinate Courts are equally competent to interpret the Constitution of India.
Answer: (1) True (2) False (3) False (4) True (5) False.
D. Answer the following questions in brief.
1. What is meant by independence of judiciary? Give any two examples to prove that Indian Judiciary is independent.
Answer: Independence of judiciary means that the judiciary takes its decisions with its own wish, it is not based on caste system, rich or poor etc.
Two examples are:
- The judges are appointed on the basis of their qualification.
- The judges cannot be removed easily. There is a special procedure to remove them, called impeachment.
2. Differentiate between civil and criminal cases with the help of examples.
Answer: differentiate between civil and criminal cases are:
Civil cases: Civil cases related to disputes over property, marriage, money matters, purchase of goods etc. They also include the infringement or violating of rights of individuals.
Criminal cases: Criminal cases involve offences like robberies, murders, cheating, harassing of women beating, violence, kidnapping etc.
3. Describe the composition of Criminal Courts and Revenue Courts.
Answer: the composition of Criminal Courts and Revenue Courts are:
Criminal Courts: For criminal cases in a district, the highest court is the court of the Sessions Judge. Below this court, there are courts of Magistrate of First, Second and Third Class. In big cities like Delhi, Kolkata, first class magistrates are called Metropolitan Magistrates.
Revenue Courts: The highest revenue court in a district is the Board of Revenue which deals with the cases of land revenue. Courts of Commissioner, Collector, Tehsildar and Assistant Tehsildar work under the Board of Revenue which hears the final appeals against the lower revenue courts.
4. What qualifications are required to be a judge of the Supreme Court? How can a judge of the Supreme Court be removed?
Answer: The qualifications required to be a judge of the Supreme Court are:
- A person must be a citizen of India.
- A person must be a judge of the Hight Court/Court for a minimum period of 5 years.
Judge can be removed by the President on the basis of a resolution of impeachment passed by each house of the parliament by a special majority during the same session.
5. ‘India has a single unified and integrated judicial system.’ Explain.
Answer: The supreme Court is the head of the judicial system in India and it not only supervises but also controls the working of all other courts. There is only a single and same set of laws followed by all the courts. Cases from the lower courts can be taken to the high courts and finally to the supreme Court by way of appeal.
E. Answer the following questions.
1. Briefly describe any five powers and functions of the Supreme Court of India.
Answer: five powers and functions of the Supreme Court of India are:
Guardian of Our Constitution: The Supreme Court is the Guardian of our Constitution. So, the Court does not allow either the executive or the legislature to violate any provision of the Constitution.
Protector of Fundamental Rights: As Protector of Fundamental Rights, the Supreme Court may declare a law passed by the legislature null and void, if it encroaches upon the Fundamental Rights of the people.
Court of Record: The Supreme Court functions as the Court of Record under which the proceedings of the court are preserved.
Supervisory Jurisdiction: Supervisory jurisdiction empowers the Supreme Court to supervise the functioning of all the courts below it.
Advisory Jurisdiction: Advisory jurisdiction covers constitutional issues or matters of public importance if the President of India desires to obtain the opinion of the Supreme Court. Any such opinion given by the Supreme Court is not binding on the President.
2. Explain the main powers and functions of the High Courts.
Answer: the main powers and functions of the High Courts are:
- High Court supervises Lower Court.
- The High Court also has the power of Judicial Review.
- The original jurisdiction of High Court cases involves violation of fundamental rights.
- High Court is mainly a court of appeal both in civil and criminal cases brought before it against the decision of the lower courts.
- The cases pertaining to marriage, divorce, laws, wills of the deceased persons etc. are also taken up by the High Court.
3. State the significance of Public Interest Litigation in the Indian judicial system.
Answer: The concept of Public Interest Litigation was devised by the Supreme Court of India to enable the poor and illiterate, who are in the vast majority in our country, to seek justice speedily and comfortably. Now any person from the public, whether directly affected or not, may write an ordinary letter or even a postcard to draw the attention of the High Court or the Supreme Court towards any matter of serious public importance. If the court is convinced that the matter is of public interest, it will take up and decide the case. PIL has proven to be a boon for the common man and has set right a number of wrongs committed by an individual or society.
4. Explain the concept of Lok Adalats? Why are they called People’s Courts?
Answer: Lok Adalats have been established to simplify the legal procedures, reduce the cost of litigation and to provide speedy justice. Lok Adalats are normally presided over by a retired judge. The disputing parties plead their cases themselves. No advocate or pleader is allowed to argue the case. Even witnesses are not examined. Efforts are made to settle disputes through compromise, mutual agreement and on-the-spot decisions.
Lok Adalats are called people’s courts because they are easily accessible to the common people.
5. Describe the composition of the High Court. Explain the qualifications, tenure and the method of removal of the High Court judges.
Answer: Composition: The High Court consists of a Chief Justice and some other judges. The number of judges varies from state to state, depending on its size and population. The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed by the President of India in consultation with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the Governor of the concerned state. Similarly, the other judges are also appointed by the President on the advice of the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of State and the Chief Justice of the High Court of the concerned state.
Qualifications: Any citizen of India who has been an advocate in one or more High Courts for at least 10 years or holder of a judicial office in Subordinate Courts for a period of 10 years, is eligible for appointment as judge in a High Court.
Tenure: A judge may continue to remain in office till the attainment of 62 years of age.
Removal: The judges of the High Court can be removed from office by the President of India in the same manner as the judges of the Supreme Court through impeachment.
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