If you are looking for DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Question Answer Safeguarding the Marginalised of we and our world book, then you are at right place. Here at SOLUTIONGYAN.Com, DAV Class 8 Social Science of chapter 22 exercises provided at the end of the chapter will be a useful resource for DAV Class 8 Social Science (sst) exams.
Here, we provide complete solutions of DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 22 Safeguarding the Marginalised of We and Our World sst book. These exercise of Social Science chapter 22 contains 5 questions and the answers to them are provided in the DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Question Answer Safeguarding the Marginalised.
Solutions of DAV Class 8 SST chapter 22 Safeguarding the Marginalised is help to boost the writing skills of the students, along with their logical reasoning. Students of class 8 can go through Social Science chapter 22 question answers to learn an effective way of expressing their answer in the school exam.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Safeguarding the Marginalised Solutions
DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 22 Safeguarding the Marginalised Solutions is given below. Here DAV Class 8 SST chapter 22 question answer is provided with great explanation.
- Tick the correct option
- Fill in the blanks
- Write True or False
- Answer the following questions in brief
- Answers the following questions
DAV question answer of Class 8 of We and Our World Social Science Textbook is the best source for the students to self-analyse their performance. DAV Class 8 students are more likely to score good marks in Social Science exam if they practise DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Question Answer Safeguarding the Marginalised regularly.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 22 Question Answer
1. Manual Scavenging has been declared illegal as it violates-
Answer: Right against Exploitation
2. When was ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’ launched?
Answer: October 2, 2014
3. Which out of the following is true about the Directive Principles of State Policy?
Answer: They are not enforceable by law.
4. Which one of the following Fundamental Rights has special provisions for the minorities?
Answer: Culture and Educational Rights
5. Identify the scheme under which a person can open a bank account without depositing any money.
1. ___________ is an inhuman product of the caste system.
2. ___________ is a welfare housing scheme launched by the Central Government.
3. The important challenges we face today are the ___________ of our growth processes and the ___________ that remain in our social institutions.
4. ___________ is an initiative to provide insurance benefits to rural population.
5. Manual scavenging violates the Fundamental Right ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________.
Answer: (1) Untouchability (2) PMAY (3) unevenness, inequalities (4) PMSBY (5) against exploitation and discrimination.
1. The State cannot make special provisions for the backward classes.
2. The practice of untouchability has been abolished under the Right to Equality.
3. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana provides financial empowerment to the girl child.
4. Minorities in India are not protected by the Constitution.
5. The Directive Principles of State Policy promote welfare of the people.
Answer: (1) False (2) True (3) True (4) False (5) True.
1. What is meant by marginalisation? Who are the marginalised groups in India?
Answer: Marginalisation means the social process of discriminating and isolating an individual or a group to a lower or an outer edge and treating them as inferiors.
The marginalized groups refer to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and many minority groups who suffer from backwardness.
2. Explain the meaning of Protective Discrimination? How does it ensure socio-economic justice to the deprived section of society?
Answer: Protective Discrimination means that the State can make special provisions to protect the interest of the socially and economically backward classes.
The government can implement special schemes and measures so that they can get opportunity to occupy better socio-economic positions, at par with the persons of other castes and forge new social relations with others, irrespective of caste consideration.
3. Explain the main provisions of the Cultural and Educational Rights.
Answer: Cultural and Educational Rights: The Constitution has provisions that safeguard the Cultural and Educational Rights of minorities. Minorities are free to practice their cultural aspects like festivals and other rituals. They can also run their own educational institutions for the betterment of their community members.
4. Which three Constitutional Provisions of the Indian Constitution safeguard the marginalised in India?
Answer: The three Constitutional Provisions of the Indian Constitution safeguard the marginalised in India are:
- Right to Equality
- Right against Exploitation
- Right to Freedom of Religion and Cultural and Educational Rights.
5. How do Directive Principles of State Policy promote the welfare of all sections of society? Give any three examples.
Answer: The Directive Principles of State Policy lay down major fundamentals in the governance of the country.
- They aim to minimize the inequalities in income and eliminate inequalities of status.
- They ensure that the material resources of the country are utilized for the common good.
- They direct the states to apply these principles while making laws to secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people.
1. Describe any five welfare schemes launched by Government of India for the upliftment of the needy and the downtrodden.
Answer: Five welfare schemes launched by Government of India for the upliftment of the needy and the downtrodden are as follows:
(1) Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY): Under the PMJDY, any individual above the age of 10 years and does not have a bank account can open a bank account without depositing any money. The scheme targeted the people living Below Poverty Line (BPL) but is beneficial to everyone, who does not have a bank account.
(2) Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY): Under this Income Declaration scheme, the government would mobilize the money for utilising and meeting the welfare needs of the poor population.
(3) Stand-Up India Scheme: The scheme aims to promote entrepreneurship among SCs/STs and women. It provides a composite loan for setting up any new enterprise between 10 lakh rupees and up to one crore.
(4) Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY): It lays special emphasis on the financial empowerment of the girl child. Through this scheme, the parents of any girl child below 10 years can open a saving account for their daughter and operate it till she attains the age of 21 years. After that time, they can withdraw the money and use it for their marriage or higher education. The scheme offers a high rate of return even much higher than PPF (Public Provident Fund).
(5) Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY): It is primarily a welfare housing scheme launched by the Central Government. The houses would be distributed to the needy sections of society and a subsidy on loan would be provided by the Central Government, thereby making affordable housing for the economically weaker sections of the country. Special preference would be given to senior citizens, women, and SCs/STs in the allotment of these houses.
2. What does the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aim at? How far has it been successful so far? List any five tasks related to cleanliness which the students must undertake.
Answer: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims to achieve the following:
- To construct toilets.
- To eradicate manual scavenging.
- To change people’s attitudes to sanitation and create awareness.
Swachh Bharat Mission can only be made successful if manual scavenging in the states is completely eliminated and replaced with modern toilets. The progressive rehabilitation of those dependent on scavenging has to be planned simultaneously through skill development programs so that they get suitably rehabilitated. Moreover, Swachh Bharat Mission will succeed only when each and every Indian become responsible for creating, managing waste, and not littering public places.
Students must undertake the following tasks:
- Avoid littering in public places.
- Keep their schools and homes clean.
- Throw garbage in proper places.
- Avoid throwing rubbish into rivers.
- Promote campaign to end open defecation.
3. Highlight any five special measures taken by the Government of India for the upliftment of Backward Classes.
Answer: The Government of India has taken several special measures for the upliftment of backward classes:
- The practice of untouchability has been abolished under the Right to Equality.
- Provision of scholarships for school education of children belonging to Backward Classes.
- Passing of laws prohibiting atrocities against Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
- Prohibition of manual scavenging.
- Special financial schemes to develop housing in villages with a majority of Scheduled Castes.
4. Explain the main provisions of Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989 for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. List any six offences which are punishable under this Act.
Answer: This Act prevents offences of atrocities against the members of SC/ST. It contains a long list of offences and seeks to punish the offenders if proved guilty.
- Forcing a member of SC/ST to drink or eat any inedible or obnoxious substance.
- Insulting or annoying any member of a SC/ST.
- Wrongfully dispossessing a member of SC/ST from his/her land.
- Compelling to do beggar or bonded labour.
- Forcing anyone not to vote or to vote for a particular candidate.
- Use of force on any woman belonging to a SC/ST.
5. How can we ensure that the marginalised and weaker sections of society get equal benefits from the Government programmes? Suggest any five measures.
Answer: we ensure that the marginalised and weaker sections of society get equal benefits from the Government programmes in following ways:
- By educating them about the benefit of government programs.
- They should avail the reservation benefit.
- They should take benefits of different government schemes like PMAY, SSY, etc.
- They must keep updated themselves about different government programs.
- If we are not getting the benefit of any scheme, then we should complain about it.