If you are looking for DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 21 Question Answer Social Justice and the Marginalised of we and our world book, then you are at right place. Here at SOLUTIONGYAN.Com, DAV Class 8 Social Science of chapter 21 exercises provided at the end of the chapter will be a useful resource for DAV Class 8 Social Science (sst) exams.
Here, we provide complete solutions of DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 21 Social Justice and the Marginalised of We and Our World sst book. These exercise of Social Science chapter 21 contains 5 questions and the answers to them are provided in the DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 21 Question Answer Social Justice and the Marginalised.
Solutions of DAV Class 8 SST chapter 21 Social Justice and the Marginalised of civics is help to boost the writing skills of the students, along with their logical reasoning. Students of class 8 can go through Social Science chapter 21 question answers to learn an effective way of expressing their answer in the school exam.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 21 Social Justice and the Marginalised Solutions
DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 21 Social Justice and the Marginalised Solutions is given below. Here DAV Class 8 SST civics chapter 21 question answer is provided with great explanation.
- Tick the correct option
- Fill in the blanks
- Match the following
- Answer the following questions in brief
- Answers the following questions
DAV question answer of Class 8 civics of We and Our World Social Science Textbook is the best source for the students to self-analyse their performance. DAV Class 8 students are more likely to score good marks in Social Science exam if they practise DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 21 Question Answer Social Justice and the Marginalised regularly.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 21 Question Answer
1. Who among the following does not belong to economically and socially disadvantaged communities of?
2. ‘Bishnois’, a tribal community lives in-
3. A traditional Islamic educational institution is called a-
4. Which one of the following factors does not make a successful democracy?
Answer: biased public opinion
5. Which one of the following words does not find a mention in the Preamble of the Indian Constitution?
1. India is a ___________ and ___________ democracy.
2. Economically and socially disadvantaged communities of India are known as ___________.
3. The end of tribals traditional lifestyle had resulted in ___________ and exploitation.
4. The idea behind the reservation in the educational institutions is to increase the diversity of ___________ and to bring about ___________ in India.
5. The better educated and wealthier sections of the Backward Classes are called the ___________ ___________.
Answer: (1) sovereign, secular (2) marginalised groups (3) marginalisation (4) representation, social equality (5) creamy layer.
Answer: (1) d, (2) a, (3) e, (4) b, (5) c.
1. Mention any three elements which are essential for making a successful democracy.
Answer: Social justice, individual rights and equality of opportunity make a successful democracy.
2. Which communities come under other Backward Classes (OBCs)? Who identified them and how?
Answer: The communities under OBCs mainly comprise of small cultivators, agricultural labourer, artisans, people engaged in weaving, fishing, construction work, etc.
They were listed as OBC on the recommendation of the Second Backward Classes Commission under the Chairmanship of B.P. Mandal in 1978.
3. Explain the term ‘Creamy layer’. Why should they not be given benefit of reservation?
Answer: The term ‘Creamy layer’ is used for the relatively wealthier and better-educated members of the Backward Classes. It is argued that they should not continue to avail the benefits of reservation as they are rich and educated.
4. Highlight two values that we can learn from the Bishnois with respect to the environment.
Answer: The Bishnoi conservationists take care of nature and live in harmony with it, instead of exploiting it. They have contributed more to the environment and wildlife protection than the entire country put together.
5. Why was the provision of reservation included in the Indian Constitution? Who are the beneficiaries of this policy and how?
Answer: The Constitution framers included the provision of reservation to uplift historically oppressed and marginalised sections of society, who were denied respect and equality.
Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and OBCs are the beneficiaries of this policy.
Under this policy, a percentage of seats are reserved in the public sector units, Union and State Civil Services, Union and State departments and in all public and private educational institutions.
1. Compare the conditions of the Adivasis of India during pre and post-independence era.
Answer: The conditions of the Adivasis of India during pre-independence era:
The forests in which the Adivasis lived were taken away from them in the name of development during the British period. As a result, they became landless and homeless. Many protests and revolts occurred during colonial era against the exploitation. But they were quickly suppressed by the British in a merciless manner to discourage any future revolts.
The conditions of the Adivasis of India during post-independence era:
Even in the post-independence era, Adivasi groups faced discrimination at the hands of the government, the industrialists and many other powerful forces. The forests in which they lived were cleared gradually for timber, agriculture, mining projects or for wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, etc. This has resulted in problems, such as poverty, illiteracy, indebtedness, bondage, exploitation, disease and unemployment, etc., among the tribals.
2. The Bishnoi conservationists take care of nature and grow with it, instead of exploiting it. Explain the statement.
Answer: For the Bishnois, a tribal community of Rajasthan, the preservation of animals and vegetation has been a religion to them since the fifteenth century. The tenets are related to personal hygiene, maintaining good basic health, healthy social behaviour and worship of God. Their religion bans animal killing, felling green trees and directs them to protect life in all forms. The Bishnoi conservationists take care of nature and live in harmony with it, instead of exploiting it. They have contributed more to the environment and wildlife protection than the entire country put together.
3. Explain the term ‘minorities’. Why do they lag behind the majority community, both educationally and economically? How can they get their rightful place in society?
Answer: Minority refers to communities that are numerically small in relation to the rest of the population.
Often minorities have not had the same access to education and employment opportunities which the majority has. This causes some minorities to lag behind the majority community, both educationally and economically.
The only way out for minorities is to adopt modern education more assertively and blending modern practices into their religion which will ensure important opportunities for them to participate in the economic growth. Any development will then be evenly distributed between all regions, religions and castes.
4. Suggest any five measures that can be taken for the upliftment of the downtrodden in a democracy.
Answer: Five measures that can be taken for the upliftment of the downtrodden in a democracy:
- Increasing employment opportunities.
- Providing an administration free of corruption.
- Providing facilities for free and quality education.
- Setting up different welfare departments for them.
- Providing financial help in the form of loans and grants.
- Setting up an efficient healthcare system for the masses.
5. What is meant by political safeguards? Who are the beneficiaries of this policy? How far is such a safeguard justified?
Answer: A political safeguard is the protection provided by the government to the people they govern like reservation.
The beneficiaries of this policy are Schedule caste/Schedule tribe/Other backward classes and minorities group like Shikha, Muslim, Christian etc.
Such safeguard is justified till the upliftment of social, educational and economic backwardness of SC/ST/OBC and minority classes. Wealthier and better-educated members of the backward classes should not continue to avail the benefits.