If you are looking for DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 18 Question Answer The Union Government The Legislature of we and our world sst book, then you are at right place. Here at SOLUTIONGYAN.Com, DAV Class 8 Social Science of chapter 18 exercises provided at the end of the chapter will be a useful resource for DAV Class 8 sst exams.
Here, we provide complete solutions of DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 18 The Union Government The Legislature of We and Our World Social Science Textbook. These exercise of sst chapter 18 contains 5 questions and the answers to them are provided in the DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 18 Question Answer The Union Government The Legislature.
Solutions of DAV Class 8 SST chapter 18 The Union Government The Legislature of civics is help to boost the writing skills of the students, along with their logical reasoning. Students of class 8 can go through Social Science chapter 18 solution to learn an effective way of expressing their answer in the school exam.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 18 The Union Government The Legislature Solutions
DAV Class 8 Social Science Chapter 18 The Union Government The Legislature Solutions is given below. Here DAV Class 8 SST chapter 18 question answer is provided with great explanation.
- Tick the correct option
- Fill in the blanks
- Write True or False
- Answer the following questions in brief
- Answers the following questions
DAV question answer of Class 8 civics of We and Our World Social Science Textbook is the best source for the students to self-analyse their performance. DAV Class 8 students are more likely to score good marks in Social Science exam if they practise DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 18 Question Answer The Union Government The Legislature regularly.
DAV Class 8 SST Chapter 18 Question Answer
1. Which one of the following subjects comes under the Union List?
Answer: foreign affairs
2. Which one of the following statements about Lok Sabha is correct?
Answer: Money bills can only be introduced in Lok Sabha.
3. Which one of the following statements about the Indian Parliament is true?
Answer: It is the highest law-making body of India.
4. Each member of Rajya Sabha has a term of-
Answer: six years
5. During Lok Sabha elections, reserved constituencies are meant for-
Answer: scheduled castes and scheduled tribes.
1. The topmost level of government in India is ___________ Government.
2. In case of a disagreement over a law made on the same subject from the Concurrent List, the law made by ___________ prevails over the law made by ___________.
3. The principle of ___________, ___________, ___________, gives all adult citizens the right to vote.
4. The President of India is an ___________ part of the Parliament.
5. ___________ represents the people of India and ___________ represents the states of India.
Answer: (1) Union (2) Centre, State (3) Universal adult franchise (4) integral (5) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha.
1. A Governor is Head of the State, whereas a Chief Minister is the Head of the State Government.
2. The women are adequately represented in the Indian Parliament.
3. No bill can become a law without the approval of the President of India.
4. The Chairman of Rajya Sabha cannot vote on any issue in Rajya Sabha.
5. The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha enjoy equal power regarding the amendment of the Constitution.
Answer: (1) True (2) False (3) True (4) True (5) True.
1. Why did India opt for a federal form of government? Explain.
Answer: India is a vast country, with diversities of languages, customs, lifestyles, traditions and religions. It is very difficult to have a single unified administrative set up. Hence, India opted for a federal form of government.
2. How have the Legislative powers been divided between the Union Government and the State Government?
Answer: The legislative powers have been divided between the union government and the state government by following ways:
Union list: This subject is regarded as national importance and only union government can make laws in this list for example – defence, Foreign Affairs, currency etc.
State list: This list is of state importance and only state government can make laws in this list for example – public health, police, agriculture etc.
Concurrent list: This list is of both state and national importance and both State Government and union government can make laws in this list for example – marriage, divorce, succession, adoption etc.
3. Describe the composition of the Union Government in India.
Answer: The Union Government comprises of:
- The Legislature or Parliament comprised of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
- The Executive: The President of India, the Prime Minister and the Union Council of Ministers.
- The Judiciary: The Supreme Court of India consisting of the Chief Justice of India and 25 sitting Judges (maximum number can be 31).
4. Highlight any three dissimilarities between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha with respect to their composition.
Answer: Three dissimilarities between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha with respect to their composition are:
|Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
|Maximum strength 550||Maximum strength 250|
|Term 5 years||Term 6 years|
|It can be dissolved||It can never be dissolved|
5. Mention any three advantages of Universal Adult Franchise.
Answer: Three advantages of Universal Adult Franchise are:
- People express their trust in the functioning of our democratic set-up.
- This right gives the people an opportunity to actively participate in the political process of the country.
- They elect their representatives who constitute the Parliament that controls and guides the Union Government.
1. Describe any five major functions of the Indian Parliament.
Answer: Five major functions of the Indian Parliament are:
- The Parliament exercise control over executive.
- It legislates a matter that form within the central list as well as concurrent list.
- The Parliament approve proclamation made by the President during emergency period.
- The Parliament also has the power to create a new state or other the name and boundary of an existing state.
- The Parliament has power to impeach the President and the Judges of High Court and Supreme Court.
2. Compare the legislative and financial powers of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. On the basis of your comparison, which one of the two Houses is more powerful and how?
Answer: Comparison of Legislative power:
Money bills originates only in Lok Sabha. Rajya Sabha can delay the money bill for fourteen days but cannot reject the passage of a money bill.
Comparison of Financial Powers:
The annual budget is presented in the Lok Sabha. The annual budget can be discussed in Rajya Sabha but it is presented only in Lok Sabha.
On the basis of my comparison, Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha in almost all matters. Even in those matters in which the Constitution has placed both Houses on an equal footing, the Lok Sabha has more influence due to its greater numerical strength.
3. How is the Speaker of Lok Sabha elected? Mention her/his powers and functions.
Answer: The speaker of Lok Sabha is elected by the members of Lok Sabha but generally the speaker is elected from the majority party.
Powers and Functions of the Speaker are:
- All the petitions and documents addressed to the House are received by the Speaker.
- It is the Lok Sabha Speaker who presides over the joint sitting of both the Houses of the Parliament.
- The speaker presides over the meetings of Lok Sabha. In her/his absence, the house is chaired by the Deputy Speaker.
- The Speaker maintains discipline and decorum of the House. If the situation demands, the Speaker can adjourn the House.
4. Explain the composition of Rajya Sabha. Who can be elected as a member and for how long? Why is Rajya Sabha called a Permanent House?
Answer: The maximum strength of Rajya Sabha is 250. Out of these, 12 members are nominated by the President of India and the remaining 238 are elected from the States and Union Territories by the elected members of the State Legislative Assemblies. The 12 nominated members are distinguished personalities who excel in various fields of art, literature, science, social service, sports, etc.
To become a member of Rajya Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India and not less than 30 years of age. Her/His name must be in the voters’ list.
Rajya Sabha is called a Permanent House which can never be dissolved. After every two years, one-third of its members retire and elections are held to fill these seats.
5. Describe the procedure followed by the Union Parliament in passing an ordinary bill.
Answer: An ordinary bill can be introduced in either of the two Houses of the Parliament. Approval of both the houses is necessary for passing a bill. In case of disagreement between the two Houses, a majority vote is taken in the joint meeting of both the Houses. After a bill is approved by both the Houses, it is sent to the President for her/his consent. Once the consent is provided, the bill becomes law.